What is the Difference Between a Tummy Tuck and Liposuction?Published on: 1 May 2019
Medically reviewed by a licensed NHS consultantLast updated: 15/08/2019
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"Tummy tuck vs Liposuction"
Abdominoplasty – also known as a 'Tummy Tuck' – and liposuction are two very similar, but different, surgical procedures. They both aim to change the appearance of your stomach to create a flatter, tighter and smaller look. However, in terms of the procedure, recovery time and risks involved, there are some key differences between the two. Read on to find out more about the difference between a tummy tuck and liposuction and find out which procedure is best for you.
What is the difference between a tummy tuck and liposuction?
Both procedures, performed by plastic surgeons, claim to make your stomach appear flatter, tighter and smaller. But both procedures are different and have differing risks and results. The main difference between the two abdominal procedures are as follows:
- Liposuction removes small fat deposits in the body found on the hips, thighs, bottom or stomach.
- A tummy tuck removes excess fat and skin, which cannot be fixed with diet and exercise.
Who is it for?
The two procedures are aimed at people with similar cosmetic goals, but there are differences in scarring and how evasive it is. These are the main differences between a tummy tuck and liposuction surgery:
In addition to removing excess fat from the abdomen area, a tummy tuck also removes excess skin. When you are pregnant or have had a significant change in weight, it can stretch the skin on and around your abdomen. A tummy tuck procedure can be used to restore the look of a flat and contoured midsection, by bringing the rectus abdominus (sit-up muscles) back together if they’ve been stretched or separated – this is a common occurrence.
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However, this procedure is not for everyone. You may want to reconsider a tummy tuck if:
- you have a BMI over 30
- you are hoping to fall pregnant in the future
- you are actively trying to lose weight
- you have a chronic heart condition
Once the stomach area is numb, your surgeon will make a number of small incisions around the fat deposits around your stomach. A thin tube will then be inserted under the skin to loosen the fat cells and a medical vacuum will be used to suck out the dislodged fat, creating a flatter stomach as a result.
It is worth noting that this procedure may take several sessions to reach your desired result.
The difference between a tummy tuck and liposuction results are not distinctly clear – they both produce the same outcome: a flatter stomach. However, one is often more long-lasting than the other…
After a tummy tuck, the results are often permanent. The procedure helps to strengthen your abdominal muscles, helping to strengthen your abdominal wall. The excess skin that has been removed won’t return unless your weight fluctuates, or you fall pregnant.
People who have liposuction on their abdomen will expect to see a flatter and proportioned midsection after recovery. These results are said to be permanent, however if you gain weight in the future, fat will reaccumulate in your body, although not always in the areas that were suctioned.
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As with any kind of surgery, there are possible side effects and complications that you should be aware of. The difference between a tummy tuck and liposuction are as follows:
Tummy tuck procedures have been shown to carry more complication risks than other cosmetic procedures. According to one particular study, wound complications and infections were among the most common reasons for patients to be readmitted to hospital. Other possible risks include:
- Changes in sensation
- Fluid accumulation
- Tissue necrosis
Understandably, the risk of complication increases if your surgeon is operating on a large area of your stomach. Some of the possible risks include:
- Contour irregularities
- Fluid accumulation
In addition, there are some other risks which can occur, however these are extremely rare. These include, infection, an internal organ puncture or a fat embolism.
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The recovery time differs between a tummy tuck and liposuction. The main stages of recovery are as follows:
When you wake up from the surgery, the incision will be covered in surgical dressing. You will have to go back to your surgeon several times to get this changed. Your surgeon will give you a pressure garment.
Within one day, you should be up and walking with a helping hand, to prevent blood clots. It is likely that you will be taking prescription painkillers and antibiotics to ease any discomfort and reduce the risk of infection. You may also have a surgical drain for up to two weeks.
It takes six weeks for the initial recovery phase of a tummy tuck to pass, and you will have several follow-up appointments along the way to check the incision is healing well. During this time, you should avoid any activity which may pull or place too much tension on the incision. It goes without saying, you should also avoid any strenuous physical activity or exercise during the recovery period, until your doctor allows you to.
Your recovery process will depend on how many areas were operated on and whether additional liposuction sessions are needed.
After the procedure, your surgeon may recommend that you wear a pressure garment over your stomach, to aid swelling and help your skin heal.
Liposuction is only an outpatient procedure, which means that you can continue regular activity fairly quickly, within 48 hours of the procedure. Despite this, you should avoid lifting anything heavy or taking part in extensive cardio until your doctor has given their approval.
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Things to consider
If you're thinking of going ahead, just like other cosmetic procedures, a tummy tuck is not a decision that should be taken lightly. Make sure you have carried out thorough research of the procedure, including the cost and any side effects that may occur. It is important to take time to reflect on your decision before going ahead, as it is a major surgical procedure that requires weeks to heal, to patients should take this into account as it will affect working – particularly if you have an active job.